Download A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin PDF

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of a similar grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main exact and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated eastern language of the Yamato sector throughout the Asuka Nara interval. It offers hundreds and hundreds of examples drawn not just from the foremost previous eastern texts similar to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts equivalent to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it's also comparative fabric from jap previous eastern as soon as spoken within the quarter approximately comparable to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed through exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical types defined, linguistic types, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated jap texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Extra info for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

Sample text

Interestingly enough, Omodaka et al. transcribe this word in the same poem as kyiso in the entry on kyiso 'last night' (1967: 241). In addition, the same word is attested in Eastern Old Japanese four times in MYS XIV: 3505, 3522, 3550, and 3563 written as ftit /kyisol with a voiceless lsi. IX was read Isol and I think that this word should be read as kyiso in Western Old Japanese as well. ADDITIONS TO PART 1 ongana:lC kungana: ,~ , 1v + lbJ); ~ ~ disyllabic: ~ [taka] [taka] Nta Nti Ntu Nte Ntwo Nt6 na m nu ne nwo no 1~ 417 418 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kungana: ' pu pye pey ongana: ~ p' ;jlf {~F ~ kun ana: F ** ongana: 1iMi)JI~~ kungana: ~ FI'I' § disyllabic: ~ [maNka, maNku] ongana: ~\ ill kungana: -=.

Nevertheless, ik- does exist and is further amply supported by later Middle Japanese data. tt\. - 426 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kara-kuni-wo ika n-i [i]p-u kotO so meyNturakwo k-yi-tar-u mukasakuru Ikyi-no watar-i-wo meyNturakwo k-yi-tar-u Kara-Iand-ACC how DV-INF say-ATTR thing PT MeyNturakwo come-INF-PERFIPROG-ATTR (makura kotoba) Ikyi-GEN crossNML-ACC MeyNturakwo come-INF-PERFIPROG-ATTR What to call the land of Kara? ' It is quite possible that Western Old Japanese ik- 'to go,' i 'sacred' and imey 'dream' were actually pronounced as /yik-/, /yi/, and /yimey/.

Although here we deal with two different dialects, the case is still quite indicative. J1! -$ 5 In a personal communication J. D. D. then the WOJ (era 'Buddhist temple' that certainly entered the language by mid-sixth century would be also raised. I do not think that this argument is valid, because WOJ (era was borrowed from an Old Korean form that was either *tiara or *taira (cf. MK tyel 'Buddhist temple' and see Vovin 2007: 75-77 for a detailed discussion). Neither Pre-OJ *ai or *ia were subject to raising, as we well know, since they resulted in WOJ /e[y]/ and /[y]e/ respectively.

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