Download A First Course in Graph Theory (Dover Books on Mathematics) by Gary Chartrand, Ping Zhang PDF

By Gary Chartrand, Ping Zhang

Written through of the main admired figures in the sector of graph idea, this finished text provides a remarkably student-friendly process. aimed toward undergraduates taking a primary direction in graph thought, its sound but available remedy emphasizes the background of graph thought and offers unique examples and lucid proofs. 2004 variation.

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Extra info for A First Course in Graph Theory (Dover Books on Mathematics)

Example text

For k D 1, there is nothing to show. We assume k > 1 and want to show that a k-valent bipartite graph G contains a 1-factor F . We then use the induction hypothesis on G F to obtain the desired decomposition of the edge set. To construct a 1-factor, select mutually nonincident edges until every edge not yet selected is incident with at least one of the edges selected so far. Let us call this maximal set of mutually nonincident edges M . If M is not spanning, let v be a vertex not covered by M and consider the set A of all paths starting at v, then using an edge of M , an edge not in M , then an edge in M , etc.

18. It is perhaps of interest to note that the 10-cages were known, see [76], before all the 9-cages were computed. The reason is simply that the gap between the easily proven lower bound and the actual size of the cage is larger for the 9-cage than for the 10-cage. 2, there is no trivalent graph of girth 9 on fewer than 46 vertices and there is no such graph of girth 10 on fewer than 62 vertices. Since the 9-cage has 58 vertices [13] and the 10-cage has 70 vertices, the respective gaps are 12 for the 9-cage and only 8 for the 10-cage.

For the generalized Petersen graphs, this is no longer the case. n; r/ has 2n vertices and 3n edges, and each vertex is of valence 3. So the question arises as to whether they have distinct graph structures. We say two graphs are isomorphic if there is a bijection between the vertex sets which preserves the property of adjacency. For each of n D 7 and n D 8, there are two generalized Petersen graphs on our list; see Fig. 15. 8; 3/, it is a single 8-cycle. 8; 3/. For n D 7, both graphs have several 7-cycles, and the situation is less obvious.

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