Download Advanced renewable energy sources. Part - I by S C Bhatia PDF

By S C Bhatia

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Tropic of Capricorn: 23° 26′ 21′′ S. 5. Antarctic Circle: 66° 33′ 39′′ S. Effect of latitude: A region’s latitude has a great effect on its climate and weather. Latitude more loosely determines prevailing winds, and other physical characteristics of geographic locations. Auroral activity is common at Solar radiations 37 high geomagnetic latitudes. Some observers have noted a correlation between the latitude of a country and its economic activity. 2 Declination Declination is one of the two coordinates of the equatorial coordinate system, the other being either right ascension or hour angle.

The variations actually observed in association with solar phenomena like sunspots, prominences and solar flares are mainly confined to the extreme ultraviolet end of the solar spectrum and to the radiowaves. The contribution of these variations to the total energy emitted is extremely small and can be neglected in solar energy applications. The planet earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit of very small eccentricity with the sun at one of the foci, completing one revolution in one year.

2). An example of an azimuth is the measurement of the position of a star in the sky. The star is the point of interest, the reference plane is the horizon or the surface of the sea, and the reference vector points to the north. The azimuth is the angle between the north point and the perpendicular projection Solar radiations 39 of the star down onto the horizon. Azimuth is usually measured in degrees (°). The concept is used in many practical applications including navigation, astronomy, engineering, mapping, mining and artillery.

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