Download AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization PDF

By World Health Organization

This flagship document offers the thought of perspectives at the nation of the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the Joint United countries Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It comprises research of the entire elements of the epidemic, from the unfold of HIV, to remedies, to the provision of assets. It additionally presents country-by-country figures on its quantity.

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With a casual partner in the previous year, roughly half used a condom the last time they had sex with that person. There is also evidence of continued HIV-related stigma: roughly half the men and women surveyed said that if a family member contracted HIV they would prefer to keep that fact secret (Ministry of Health Uganda, 2005). The survey estimated national adult HIV prevalence at 7%—higher than the most recent estimates derived from HIV test data at antenatal clinics. ) One in ten Ugandans aged 30–39 years was HIVpositive, according to the survey, and prevalence among middle-aged and older people was high: approximately 7% of men aged 50–59 years were infected, as were about 5% of women of the same 25 UNAIDS/WHO age.

However, that estimate should be interpreted with caution, since its very high non-response rate (44% of participants refused to be tested for HIV) could have skewed the results toward underestimations of HIV prevalence. Nevertheless, the survey found that more than 6% of children, aged 18 months to four years, were HIV-positive, most of which are likely due to mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Infection levels among older men AIDS epidemic update: December 2005 Sub-Saharan Africa and women were unexpectedly high: 29% for those 45–49 years-old, and 21% for those in their early 50s.

Such findings are echoed in the ongoing longitudinal study in Rakai. That study found that more than two thirds of sexually active women Data from select antenatal clinic sentinel surveillance sites with a declining trend in HIV prevalence, Kenya 1997–2004 50 % HIV prevalence 40 30 Busia Kitui Nairobi Thika Meru Nyeri Garissa 20 10 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Year Source: Ministry of Health – National AIDS/STD Control Programme (NASCOP), HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 Figure 9 What happened in Uganda?

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