Download Allies At War: America, Europe and the Crisis Over Iraq by Philip Gordon, Jeremy Shapiro PDF

By Philip Gordon, Jeremy Shapiro

An intensive research of the place U.S./European relatives have long gone wrong--and the right way to set them correct ALLIES AT warfare is the 1st and such a lot accomplished review of what went fallacious among the United States and Europe throughout the situation over Iraq and relies on broad interviews with policymakers within the usa and Europe. It places the main issue over Iraq in ancient context by way of studying US-Europe relatives on account that international struggle II and exhibits how the alliance commonly controlled to beat its many inner problems and crises. It describes how the deep strategic variations that emerged on the finish of the chilly warfare and the disputes over the Balkans and the center East throughout the Clinton years already had a few analysts wondering even if the Alliance may possibly live on. It indicates how the Bush administration’s unilateral international relations and world-view helped deliver already simmering tensions to a boil, and describes extensive the occasions top as much as the Iraq obstacle of 2003. Gordon and Shapiro clarify how robust forces such emerging American energy and the September eleven terrorist assaults have made kinfolk among the US and Europe more and more tricky. however the authors argue that the cut up over Iraq was once no longer inevitable: it was once the results of inaccurate judgements and pointless provocations on each side. opposite to the traditional knowledge that says that the Iraq struggle signaled the powerful finish of the Atlantic Alliance, the authors warn that assuming the tip of the Alliance may possibly quick develop into a self-fulfilling prophesy: leaving the us remoted, resented, and liable for bearing the burdens of keeping overseas protection mostly by myself. in keeping with those that argue that the Atlantic Alliance isn't any longer plausible or useful, ALLIES AT struggle demonstrates that even after Iraq, the U.S. and Europe can interact, and certainly needs to in the event that they desire to successfully deal with the main urgent difficulties of our age. The publication makes concrete proposals for restoring transatlantic kinfolk and updating the alliance to fulfill new demanding situations like international terrorism and the transformation of an risky center East.

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As an alternative, France committed itself to a strategy designed to use an independent nuclear force, German power, and European integration to amplify French influence and balance American power. Ironically, one of de Gaulle’s main arguments in pushing for a more independent France was that nations that do not play a real role in their own defense eventually develop a strategic culture of dependence. ” Despite the seriousness of de Gaulle’s challenge, the French withdrawal was less threatening to the overall purpose of the alliance than 27 ALLIES AT WA R Suez had been because both sides recognized and refused to cross certain limits in the dispute.

S. policy. ” In sum, by the end of the Clinton presidency, the failure to agree on Iraq had become one of the most divisive issues in the Atlantic alliance. The clashes at the UN created a legacy of bitterness and betrayal that seriously damaged both sides’ belief in the other’s good faith as well as the belief that the UN could effectively cope with problems like Iraq. This legacy would have an important impact on the split over Iraq that would emerge in 2002. 43 ALLIES AT WA R Nonetheless, it was also clear from the Clinton administration’s efforts to reach compromise that it still believed that allied support in the UN was essential for managing the Iraqi problem.

S. policy, Congress passed the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act (known as the Helms-Burton Act, after its Congressional sponsors) and the IranLibya Sanctions Act (ILSA) in 1996, asserting the right to impose sanctions on any company anywhere investing in Cuba or investing more than $40 million in the Iranian or Libyan energy sectors. European governments unanimously denounced the very principle of secondary boycotts and refused to abide by them, leading to a succession of transatlantic crises over whether the United States would follow through on the threats contained in Helms-Burton and ILSA.

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