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By Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans

Argumentative signs: A Pragma-Dialectical research identifies and analyses English phrases and expressions which are the most important for an enough reconstruction of argumentative discourse. It offers the analyst of argumentative discussions and texts with a scientific set of tools for giving a well-founded research which leads to an analytic evaluation of the weather which are suitable for the evaluate of the argumentation. within the publication a scientific connection is made among linguistic insights into the features of argumentative discourse and insights from argumentation concept into the answer of adjustments of opinion by way of argumentation.

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Extra resources for Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study

Sample text

So, these expressions cannot be used parenthetically, and they cannot signify a standpoint in the sentence because they cannot serve to modify the force of the assertive. Someone who says ‘I’m sorry you haven’t told me this earlier’ does not claim that the listener has not told ‘this’ earlier, but that he regrets that the listener has not told him earlier. Someone who says, ‘It is likely that John will come this afternoon’ does not claim that John will come in the afternoon, but rather that it is probable that he will come in the afternoon.

A speaker who avails himself of such an expression or adjunct makes, in fact, two assertions: he asserts the complementary proposition, and he asserts that it is certain or likely that the complementary proposition is correct. However, it remains to be seen what role the expression of certainty or probability plays here: after all, the assertion of a proposition in itself implicates that the speaker deems the proposition true: whether the truth of the proposition is certain or probable does not add anything in a logical sense.

3). Obviously, here too, it holds true that the course of the dialogue might be more complicated. More than one standpoint is under discussion in a multiple dispute. 4). A multiple dispute that corresponds to this profile can easily be divided into a number of single disputes. This means that the dialectical profile of the genesis of a multiple dispute comes down to a combination of the dialectical profiles of single disputes that were specified previously. The matter becomes more complicated if a multiple dispute arises because T2, after externalising that he does not accept T1’s standpoint, on second thoughts, takes up an alternative standpoint against T1’s standpoint.

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