By Luca Asmonti
This quantity offers quite a lot of literary and epigraphic resources at the heritage of the world's first democracy, supplying a accomplished survey of the foremost topics and ideas of Athenian democratic tradition. starting with the legendary origins of Athenian democracy less than Theseus and describing the old improvement of Athens' democratic associations via Solon's reforms to the delivery of democracy less than Cleisthenes, the e-book addresses the broader cultural and social repercussions of the democratic process, concluding with a survey of Athenian democracy within the Hellenistic and Roman age. All resources are provided in translation with complete annotation and observation and every bankruptcy opens with an creation to supply historical past and course for readers. assets contain fabric by means of Aristotle, Homer, Aristophanes, Herodotus, Thucydides, Cicero, Tacitus etc. the amount additionally contains an A-Z of keyword phrases, an annotated bibliography with feedback for extra examining within the basic assets in addition to smooth severe works on Athenian democracy, and a whole index.
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Additional resources for Athenian Democracy: A Sourcebook (Bloomsbury Sources in Ancient History)
Section 5 looks in the light of this discussion at what we others can do to ensure your freedom in any choice, guarding you against vitiation and invasion. Assuming that vitiation is not a problem, the lesson of the chapter is that freedom in a choice requires just the absence of domination; it is equivalent to the freedom that was hailed as an ideal in the long tradition of republican thought. While this equation of freedom with non-domination allows us to say that domination with interference is worse in various ways than domination without interference, it marks the threshold where freedom begins to fail at the point where domination, even domination without interference, kicks in.
Or ought we to try just to ensure that their preference between the different options is satisﬁed? These are distinct ideals and they have different ramiﬁcations for policy. If we seek the richer goal, trying to keep all your options open, we will want to invest resources in making each available, independently of what you are likely to prefer. If we seek the more austere goal, trying merely to avoid preference-frustration, we will want to invest resources in making an option available only to the extent that it is likely that you will choose that option.
If freedom requires minimizing the sum of the discounted probabilities, not the original sum, then it is likely to require that you should choose X or choose Y, depending on which is the less likely to attract hindrance: depending on which of the probabilities, P(H if X) and P(H if Y), is lower. If P(H if X) is higher, for example, then by choosing Y you will set P(X) at zero, so that 11 12 For reasons familiar from the debate between evidential and causal decision theory, the hypothetical probabilities P(H if X) and P(H if Y) should be understood, not as conditional probabilities, but in one of the alternative modes consistent with causal decision theory.