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By Marie Roberts

A unusually huge variety of English poets have both belonged to a mystery society, or been strongly encouraged through its tenets. the most effective recognized examples is Christopher Smart’s club of the Freemasons, and the ensuing impact of Masonic doctrines on A tune to David. besides the fact that, many different poets have belonged to, or been motivated via not just the Freemasons, however the Rosicrucians, Gormogons and Hell-Fire golf equipment. First released in 1986, this research concentrates on 5 significant examples: shrewdpermanent, Burns, William Blake, William Butler Yeats and Rudyard Kipling, in addition to a few different poets. Marie Roberts questions why such a lot of poets were powerfully interested in the key societies, and considers the effectiveness of poetry as a medium for conveying mystery logos and formality. She indicates how a few poets believed that poetry may turn out a hidden symbolic language during which to bare nice truths.

The ideals of those poets are as different as their perform, and this ebook sheds interesting gentle on numerous significant writers.

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Sublime, contemplative, serene, Strong, constant, pleasant, wise! 7 0 David was not only a key figure in the early Masonic tradition but also a type of Christ and, as "Israel's sweet Psalmist", the prototype of the divine artist. Consequently Smart, as a Freemason, devout Christian and religious poet, used the figure of King David as a point of consolidation. ,,71 As a Mason, Smart, in the Song to David, expressed the gratitude Freemasons owed to King David as the man who had planned the Temple of Solomon, which contained the heart of their most sacred beliefs.

53 The tradition stems from the operative craft when workmen carved their mark upon a finished stone. Much of the ritual for Mark Masonry is based upon the symbolism of sacred stones derived from the Old Testament. The degree of Mark Man incorporated a legend which Smart may be referring to in the Jubilate Agno: For there is a blessing from the STONE of JESUS which is founded upon hell to the precious jewel! on the right hand of God (B, 31) This concerns the laying of the foundation-stone of King Solomon's Temple.

17 Christopher Smart Yet Smart's insistence that his brand of Freemasonry was firmly implanted in Christianity was more than a response to an internal wrangle between the Antients and the Moderns. He was also retaliating against the official condemnation of the society in 1745 by the Presbyterians, who formalized their objections in a synod which passed an act denouncing the Freemasons' oath in 1757. By coincidence this was the year that Smart was first committed to the asylum. In view of his evangelical outlook, he would have been disconcerted to have discovered that a branch of the Nonconformist Church had denounced Freemasonry as an abuse of Christian and Biblical teaching.

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