By Camille Flammarion (auth.), William Sheehan (eds.)
Camille Flammarion (1842-1925) begun his profession at sixteen as a human computing device less than the nice mathematician U. J. J. Le Verrier on the Paris Observatory. He quickly uninterested in the drudgery; he was once interested in extra romantic vistas, and at 19 wrote a e-book on an idea that he was once to make his own—the habitability of alternative worlds. There a profession as France’s maximum popularizer of astronomy, with over 60 titles to his credits. An admirer granted him a chateau at Juvisy-sur-l’Orge, and he arrange a major observatory devoted to the examine of the planet Mars. eventually, in 1892, he released his masterpiece, La Planete Mars et ses stipulations d’habitabilite, a entire precis of 3 centuries’ worthy of literature on Mars, a lot of it in line with his personal own learn into infrequent memoirs and records. As a background of that period, it hasn't ever been exceeded, and is still considered one of a handful of vital books at the purple planet.
Sir Patrick Moore (1923-2012) wishes no creation; his list of popularizing astronomy in Britain within the twentieth century equaled Flammarion’s in France within the nineteenth century. Moore pounded out hundreds and hundreds of books in addition to served as presenter of the BBC’s television application “Sky at evening” application for fifty five years (a global record). although Moore consistently insisted that the Moon used to be his chef-d’oeuvre, Mars got here a detailed moment, and in 1980 he produced a typescript of Flammarion’s vintage. regrettably, even he stumbled on the venture too daunting for his publishers and handed the torch of holding the undertaking alive to a chum, the beginner astronomer and writer William Sheehan, in 1993. commonly considered as a number one historian of the planet Mars, Sheehan has not just meticulously in comparison and corrected Moore’s manuscript opposed to Flammarion’s unique in order to produce an authoritative textual content, he has additional a huge creation displaying the book’s value within the background of Mars stories. right here effects a e-book that is still a useful source and can also be a literary tour-de-force, during which the inimitable kind of Flammarion has been rendered within the both designated form of Moore.
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Extra resources for Camille Flammarion's The Planet Mars: As Translated by Patrick Moore
But March 22, about half an hour after 8 at night, finding the same Spots in the same posture, I concluded, that the preceeding Observation was only the appearance of the same Spots at another height and thickness of the Air: And thought myself confirm’d in this Opinion, by finding them in much the same posture, March 23, about half an hour after 9, though the Air was nothing so good as before. And though I desired to make Observations, about 3 of the Clock those mornings; yet something or other interven’d, that hindered me, till March 28, about 3 of the Clock, the Air being light (in weight) though moist and a little hazy; when I plainly saw it, to have the form, represented in I; which is not reconcileable with the other Appearances, unless we allow a Turbinated motion of Mars upon its centre: Which, if such there be, from the Observations made March 21, 22 and 23, we may guess it to be once or twice in about 24 hours unless it may have some kind of Librating motion; which seems not so likely.
To him it did not seem that giving an upside-down image would matter much, and in any case the image could be made erect again easily enough by the addition of an extra lens. The field was increased enormously so that 40–50 stars could be seen at once, because the field was several hundred times larger than Galileo’s. Encouraged by this success, he began to wonder if by using two telescopes, one for each eye, he could obtain a still greater improvement— and he succeeded in doing so. Le Gentil, who carried out new tests in the next century, found much the same; however, these binocular telescopes have remained rare, perhaps because few observers have eyes exactly equal.
Hirzgarter is mentioned here only to be dismissed. —Schyrle De Reita This author, already mentioned above, was primarily interested in religion. He wrote with fervour about scientific studies and linked them with contemporary religion. In his bizarre book Oculus Enoch et Eliæ, sive radius syderermysticus (Anvers, 1645), dedicated to Jesus Christ, we find a bizarre chapter about Mars and a drawing which is more bizarre still—it is in the style of the rest of the book, and consequently devoid of any intrinsic value.