Download Carbon Chemistry (Essential Chemistry) by Krista West PDF

By Krista West

Krista West describes how carbon is an important aspect for all times in the world, the way it is located in way of life, and what's being performed to offset the elevated carbon emissions.

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Extra resources for Carbon Chemistry (Essential Chemistry)

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But scientists and science fiction enthusiasts alike have long speculated on the possibility that elsewhere in the universe there could be life forms based on other elements, particularly silicon. Science fiction books and television shows have fueled the life-form debate by creating a number of imaginary, silicon-based creatures. The Horta, perhaps one of the most well-known creatures, first appeared in 1967 on an episode of the original Star Trek series. These intelligent, silicon-based life forms looked a little like burnt marshmallows, yet intelligently defended their store of eggs against the unaware human invaders.

Living things absorb carbon from the atmosphere, the sea, and the Earth and transform it into new forms as the remains of dead organisms are added to the sea and land. Understanding how carbon enters and exits living things is just the beginning of understanding how much life on Earth depends on carbon. How Carbon Enters and Exits Living Things Living organisms move carbon atoms by eating, breathing, and reproducing—in other words, simply by being alive. Through these life processes, carbon enters a living thing in one form and exits in another form.

These two substances combine in the ratio of two hydrogen to one oxygen to create a new substance, water, which is the product. The chemical equation for the formation of water is: 2H2 + O2 ➝ 2H2O. Just as carbon atoms readily form bonds with other atoms, they readily participate in chemical reactions. Again, it is the chemistry of carbon compounds that makes them important participants in chemical reactions. TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS Three common types of chemical reactions are substitution reactions, elimination reactions, and addition reactions.

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