By Gerda Falkner, Oliver Treib, Miriam Hartlapp, Simone Leiber
What does european legislations really suggest for the member states? This e-book provides the 1st encompassing and in-depth empirical research of the consequences of 'voluntaristic' and (partly) 'soft' ecu guidelines in all 15 member states. It examines ninety case reviews throughout various ecu Directives and clarifies modern matters in political technology, integration conception, and social coverage. The learn concludes that significant implementation disasters be successful and that, up to now, the ecu fee has no longer been in a position to appropriately practice its regulate functionality.
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Additional info for Complying with Europe: EU Harmonisation and Soft Law in the Member States (Themes in European Governance)
In order to balance the information on application problems from the expert interviews, we combined it with more systematic information on enforcement policies in the member states. This analysis is also partly based on interviews with national experts, while other sources such as the annual activity reports of enforcement agencies and a publication by the European Commission on structures and competences of national labour inspections (Kommission der Europ¨aischen Gemeinschaften 1995) help to complete the picture.
E. e. the process fails due to opposition). 15 16 17 Such efforts to analyse empirical phenomena in generalising form using various theoretical lenses have been called ‘triangulation’ or ‘abduction’ (see Schneider 2003: 311). More often than not, the new hypothesis is formulated in an over-generalised way, so that a circle results of over-generalised hypothesis by author 1, test by author 2 leading to criticism and a new hypothesis that is again over-generalised, to be later criticised by author 3, and so on and so forth (see Fritz Scharpf ’s contribution to Schmidt et al.
EU Harmonisation and Soft Law in the Member States in the field of application fixed in the Directive must be covered by the national transposition law. This demand, however, has proved impossible to meet on the basis of the established mode of autonomous social partner regulation in some areas of labour law in Denmark and Sweden. Consequently, European integration has forced some member states to adapt their institutionalised national ways of policy-making in the field of labour law, where the implementation of EU Directives is concerned (for details, see Chapter 12 and Leiber 2005).