By Gary Kielhofner DrPH OTR/L FAOTA
Organize YOUR OT scholars TO turn into OT THINKERS. completely revised and up-to-date, the 4th version of this groundbreaking textual content strains the ancient improvement of the principles of recent occupational treatment idea; examines its prestige this present day; and appears to its destiny. Dr. Kielhofner compares and contrasts 8 famous versions, utilizing diagrams to demonstrate their useful purposes and to focus on their similarities and alterations. good equipped chapters are supported through large references.
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Additional resources for Conceptual Foundations of Occupational Therapy Practice
Ayres, 1972, p. 266) This shift in the focal viewpoint meant that therapists were no longer focused on the broad benefits of occupation and the related, holistic Focal Viewpoint themes of mind-body and person-environment The focal viewpoint of the new paradigm ceninteraction. The new focus was on understanding tered on the internal intrapsychic, neurological, and addressing impairments related to the muscuand biomechanical mechaloskeletal, neuromotor, and innisms as illustrated by the trapsychic systems.
Kidner also discussed the methods for engaging patients in curative occupations and emphasized the overriding principle of gradualism (grading tasks in terms of the level of participation they require and their physical demands). , reading or crafts), and then introduce them to the curative occupational therapy workshop (Kidner, 1930). In sum, Kidner played a major role in shaping occupational therapy’s paradigm and its practice. 25 26 The Early Development of Occupational Therapy Practice secured an excellent leader, trained in teaching, conversant with the work taken up and interested in it.
Therapists analyzed activities to determine the particular movements they required so that they could identify and bridge any gaps between a person’s movement capacity and those demands. , anxiety) or of early blocked needs that prevented maturation of the ego (Azima & Azima, 1959; Fidler & Fidler, 1958; West, 1959). Therapists sought to determine the underlying conflicts or unfulfilled needs that 35 interfered with functioning because these were the mechanisms to be altered in therapy. Often, the therapists used activities to diagnose the person’s hidden feelings and unconscious motives by interpreting the unconscious meaning of colors, themes, and other characteristics of a person’s creations (Llorens & Young, 1960; West, 1959).