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By Meixiang Wan

Conducting Polymers with Micro or Nanometer Structure describes an issue chanced on by means of 3 winners of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2000: Alan J. Heeger, college of California at Santa Barbara, Alan G. MacDiarmid on the college of Pennsylvania, and Hideki Shirakawa on the college of Tsukuba. on the grounds that then, the original houses of engaging in polymers have ended in promising purposes in sensible fabrics and applied sciences. The booklet first in brief summarizes the most recommendations of accomplishing polymers prior to introducing micro/nanostructured undertaking polymers facing their synthesis, structural characterizations, formation mechanisms, actual and chemical houses, and power functions in nanomaterials and nanotechnology. The ebook is meant for researchers within the similar fields of chemistry, physics, fabrics, nanomaterials and nanodevices. Meixiang Wan is a professor on the Institute of Chemistry, chinese language Academy of Sciences, Beijing.

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Chem. Soc. Chem. , 1977, 578 [2] H. Letheby. J. Chem. , 224, 161: 1862 [3] M. F. Goppelsroder. Compt. , 82, 331: 1876 [4] J. C. Chiang, A. G. MacDiarmid. Synth. , 1986, 13: 193 [5] W. S. Huang, B. D. Humphrey, and A. G. MacDiarmid. J. Chem. Soc. Commun. , 1986, 82: 2385 [6] A. G. MacDiarmid. Angew. Chem. Int. , 2001, 40: 2581 38 Chapter 2 Polyaniline as A Promising Conducting Polymer [7] a) A. G. MacDiarmid, A. J. Epstein. Faraday Discuss. Chem. , 1989, 88: 317; b) A. G. MacDiarmid, J. C. Chiang, A.

96] studied the water sorption kinetics and mass uptake of the PANI with respect to the dopant anion. The PANI-ES solid fibers adsorbed as much water as many hydrophilic polymers and the electronic conductivity of these fibers is proportional to the relative humidity in a reproducible fashion [97]. These attributes can provide the possibility for advanced humidity control and sensing applications [97]. 4 Solubility and Processability As above-described, PANI is very popular conductive polymer and has great scientific and industrial interest because of its high conductivity, environmental stability, simple and cheap synthesis method as well as technological applications in electrical devices [98].

The method has some advantageous as follows: ķ The contact in CS-AFM can be made between the conducting tip and the substrate with a certain confidence by maintaining a prescribed load force. ĸ Topographical and current images could be obtained simultaneously which provide information on the conductivity in nano-scale domains that is not provided by other methods. Ĺ The current-voltage (I-V ) traces can provide the relations between structural features and electrical properties of the materials on the nanometer scale [69].

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